Newsweek has asked two experts to identify the 10 most common first aid mistakes, and what should be done instead.
1. Cut finger. It’s surprisingly easy for a person to amputate part of a finger – for instance, while chopping vegetables or using an electric saw.
Don’t try to preserve the loose part by placing it directly on ice.
Do wrap the severed part in damp gauze (saline would be ideal for wetting the cloth), place it in a watertight bag and place the bag on ice. Then be sure to bring the bag and ice to the emergency room. The patient will be going into surgery, so he’s best off with an empty stomach. As for the wound on the hand or body, apply ice to reduce swelling and cover it with a clean, dry cloth.
#2-10 are available here at Newsweek.com