The History of CPR: 273 Years in Development

In CPR, Medical by Elizabeth Shaw1 Comment

CPR, more definitively known as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation has been a literal lifesaver for centuries. With new guidelines that strive to perfect the techniques in CPR, this form of emergency treatment may seem modern, but in fact, it has been in use since 1740, when “the Paris Academy of Sciences officially recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.”

Dr. James Elm  first demonstrated the technique, and worked with Dr. Peter Safar in proving the effectiveness of CPR and it’s many advantages compared to other emergency procedures. Dr. Peter Safar was the author of a book titled “ABC of Resuscitation,” which became the a sort of “Bible of CPR.”

“The first attempts to deal with sudden cardiac arrests or heart attacks started in the mid 1700s in Amsterdam, where a group of wealthy and civil minded citizens have organized a group named Society for Recovery of Drowned Persons.” The organization formed a set of rules to follow in the event that a person may drown. It became such a success that  similar organizations were founded across Europe and then later migrated to America. The CPR movement has gained massive popularity since, saving approximately 92,000 lives each year.

Timeline of the development of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
1740-The Paris Academy of Sciences officially recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.

1767 -The Society for the Recovery of Drowned Persons became the first organized effort to deal with sudden and unexpected death.

1891- Dr. Friedrich Maass performed the first equivocally documented chest compression in humans.

1903- Dr. George Crile reported the first successful use of external chest compressions in human resuscitation.

1904- The first American case of closed-chest cardiac massage was performed by Dr. George Crile

1954- James Elam was the first to prove that expired air was sufficient to maintain adequate oxygenation

1956 -Peter Safar and James Elam invented mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

1957- The United States military adopted the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation method  to revive unresponsive victims.

1960- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The American Heart Association started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation and became the forerunner of CPR training for the general public.

1963- Cardiologist Leonard Scherlis started the American Heart Association’s CPR Committee, and the same year, the American Heart Association formally endorsed CPR.

1966- The National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences convened an ad hoc conference on cardiopulmonary resuscitation.  The conference was the direct result of requests from the American National Red Cross and other agencies to establish standardized training and performance standards for CPR.

1972- Leonard Cobb held the world’s first mass citizen training in CPR in Seattle, Washington called Medic 2.  He helped train over 100,000 people the first two years of the programs.

facts via AHA

Elizabeth Shaw

Elizabeth Shaw

Elizabeth enjoys teaching and dancing as well as being a violinist in a local orchestra. She loves reading and writing materials that range everywhere from short stories and poetry to medical dictionaries and encyclopedias. She enjoys sharing her talent for the written word by being a regular contributor and test and training editor here at ProTrainings.

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